Environmental crime in general is considered a serious and highly lucrative type of crime that has a demonstrable negative impact on biodiversity, the economy, security and public health worldwide. Wildlife crime includes cases of poaching, illegal hunting or gathering, illegal trade and animal cruelty. Offenders target valuable commodities such as ivory, rhino horn, tiger bones, rare parrots, reptiles, hunting trophies, etc. Organised criminal groups, often operating in several countries, are also involved in violations.
Unfortunately, the Czech Republic is one of the countries with a high rate of such crime and Czech citizens are involved in many illegal activities. Detecting cases is very complex and requires the help of experts with biological knowledge, environmental information or the ability to carry out the necessary laboratory analyses.